Amino acids are complex organic substances consisting of a hydrocarbon skeleton and two additional groups: amino and carboxyl. The last two radicals determine the unique properties of amino acids they can exhibit the properties of both acids and alkalis: the first – due to the carboxyl group, the second due to the amino group. Now, when what amino acids are from the point of view of biochemistry, we have understood, let’s consider their effect on the human body and its use in sports.

For sports, amino acids are important for their participation in protein metabolism. It is from individual amino acids that proteins are built for the growth of muscle mass of our body is muscular, skeletal, hepatic, connective tissue. In addition, some amino acids are directly involved in the metabolism, for example, arginine is involved in the so-called ornithine cycle of urea a unique mechanism for the neutralization of ammonia produced in the liver during the process of protein digestion. Let us now look into the amino acid abbreviations.

Determination of amino acids

From tyrosine in the cortex of the adrenal glands catecholamines are synthesized are adrenaline and norepinephrine hormones, whose function is to maintain the tone of the cardiovascular system, an instant reaction to a stressful situation and, as a result, the preservation of an individual’s life.

Tryptophan is the precursor of the sleep hormone – melatonin, produced in the pineal body – the epiphysis, in the brain. With a lack of this amino acid in the diet, the process of falling asleep is much more complicated, leading to insomnia and a number of diseases caused by it. You can list for a long time, however, we will focus on the amino acid, the value of which is especially great for athletes and people who are moderately involved in sports.

Tryptophan structure

What is glutamine for?

Glutamine is an amino acid that limits the synthesis of the protein that makes up our immune tissue – lymph nodes and the individual formations of lymphoid tissue. The value of this system is difficult to overestimate, because without proper resistance to infections, there is no need to talk about any training process. Moreover, every training session, whether professional or amateur, is metered stress.

Stress is a necessary phenomenon in order to move our “balance point”, that is, to cause certain biochemical and physiological changes in the human body. However, any stress is a chain of reactions that mobilizes the body. In the interval that characterizes the regression of the cascade of sympathoadrenal system reactions (namely, they personify stress), there is a decrease in lymphoid tissue synthesis. Because of this, the process of disintegration in it exceeds the rate of synthesis, and, therefore, the immunity weakens. So, the additional intake of glutamine helps to minimize this not very desirable, but inevitable effect of physical activity.

Essential and replaceable amino acids

In order to understand why essential amino acids are needed in sports, it is necessary to have a general understanding of protein metabolism. Proteins consumed by humans at the level of the gastrointestinal tract are processed by enzymes substances that break down the food we ate.

 

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