Exposed to hot water and burning fire can cause burns and leave marks. Various health to psychological complications can be present due to this condition. Therefore, know how to get rid of burn scars.
Burn scars can not only reduce self-confidence, but can also have an impact on physical, emotional, social, and economic conditions. Handling this condition varies greatly depending on the severity and type.
Types of burns and scars caused
In general, burn marks will look shiny and darker than the color of the surrounding skin. Uneven redness and pigmentation color accompanied by thicker and harder skin texture than normal conditions can also appear.
The description of the appearance of scars can be explained more specifically according to the type. Burns are differentiated into level 1, 2 and 3 burns. Each level has a different risk.
At this first level, damage only occurs in the outer layer of skin. Complaints that arise in the form of reddish skin and pain. These wounds usually heal within a week without causing scars.
Unlike level 1, level 2 burns will damage the skin to the dermis layer. This layer is below the outermost layer. The skin will feel sore, reddish, and blistered. This wound will make an impression and it takes longer to disappear.
Damage to level 3 burns can reach the bones, muscles, and nerves in the area of the burn wound. The skin can also turn white or black. More effort is needed to eliminate this burn scar.
How to deal with burns so as not to leave behind
When the skin burns, skin cells will die. Handling will be done immediately by the body by producing collagen (a type of protein). To help with the process, there are several independent treatments that can be done, along with some of them
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2. Water Flow
Washing water can be a first aid measure for level 1 and 2 burns. Simply pour water into the area of burned skin for about 20 minutes then wash the wound with soft soap and rinse with water.
Avoid attaching ice cubes directly to the wound area because it can aggravate the condition by damaging skin tissue. However, cold compresses may still be used. Use sterile towels and cold water, noting to exceed 5-15 minutes each time compressing.
In addition, you should not stick a lump of cotton on a burn. Because small fibers on cotton can stick and increase the risk of infection.
3. Antibiotic Ointment and Pain Relief Medication
Antibiotic creams and ointments can help prevent bacterial infections. You can apply it to a burn then cover the wound with a cloth or bandage so that the area remains sterile.
In addition to ointments, you can also take painkillers such as paracetamol to reduce pain from burns.